CSU Hayward

Statistics Department

Minor in Statistics

A Crucial Complement to Your Major?

The Statistics Department offers a Minor in Statistics. Here we show how it may be to your advantage to complete this minor along with your major (either B.A. or B.S.) in some other field. The Minor in Statistics coordinates well with a large number of majors offered throughout the University.

Important features of the Minor in Statistics are:

Select the highlighted heading in the section below for more details later on.

Flexible Mathematics Background

A Minor in Statistics guides you toward a manageable program of study in statistics that matches your level of preparation in mathematics. We discuss appropriate patterns of courses for students who have only a basic background in mathematics, and also those who are familiar with calculus.

Partial List of Appropriate Majors

A Minor in Statistics fits well with many majors offered throughout the University. Here we give a partial list of especially appropriate majors. Some of these majors already require one or more courses in statistics, which count towards the minor. In any case a knowledge of basic statistical methods can add greatly to your understanding of your major field.

Advantages for Your Career

Statistical methods are used in a wide variety of administrative, social, biological, and physical sciences. Employers and members of graduate admissions committees understand the importance of a background in statistics. Recognition of a Minor in Statistics on your CSU Hayward transcript can give you an important edge in your career as you complete your undergraduate studies.

Double Major Programs

Some majors require one or more statistics courses and require or recommend a background in mathematics through calculus. If your major is one of these, you may be able to complete a second major in statistics almost as easily as a minor. In this case, you should follow this link to our brochure on double major programs.


Flexible Mathematics Background

Applied Statistics Courses Requiring Only Basic Mathematics.   You can complete the entire Minor in Statistics by taking six applied courses in statistics. Most of these include the use of modern statistical software. They do not require you to know calculus. However, all courses in the minor require you to know and use mathematics at the level of the ELM (Entry Level Mathematics) exam. This is the most basic level of mathematics required of all undergraduate students at CSU Hayward.

The Minor in Statistics: With Courses Using Basic Mathematics
Approved Patterns of 6 Courses (24-25 units) Notes

One of the following courses:

1000.   Elements of Probability and Statistics**
2010.   Elements of Statistics for Business and Economics**
3031.   Statistical Methods in Biology**
Prefixes and Units:
All courses carry the “Stat” prefix. Stat 1000 and Stat 2010 are 5-unit courses. All others listed here are 4-unit courses.

Five of the following courses:

2088.   Games of Chance, Gambling and Probability
3010.   Statistical Methods in the Social Sciences**
3415.   Introduction to Decision Theory
3510.   Sampling Procedures for Surveys
3900.   Statistical Packages for Data Analysis*
3910.   Statistical Software Design*
4000.   Analysis of Variance in the Behavioral Sciences*
4515.   Multivariate Analysis
4601.   Regression*
4610.   Introduction toNonparametric Statistical Methods*
Frequency of Offering:
** Indicates courses that are offered in F, W, and Sp quarters. Because these courses are required or recommended for a variety of majors, some of them are offered in multiple sections and also in summer.
* Indicates courses that are usually offered once each year.
The other courses listed are usually offered in alternate years.

Some Recommended Patterns.

  • For students in majors where Stat 1000 is required, the sequence Stat 1000/3010 is often conveniently followed (in any order) by 3900, 4000, 4610, and one other course. Often, some of these additional courses will count towards your major as well as toward your Minor in Statistics. You should discuss this with your major advisor.
  • Similar patterns are appropriate for a student who is required to take Stat 2010 (majors in the School of Business) or Stat 3031 (majors in Biological Sciences). Consult a Statistics Department advisor for your best choices.
  • Some majors do not require any statistics courses, but students in these majors may still find a Minor in Statistics to be to their advantage. Some of the students who feel they have gained most from their study of Statistics have come from these supposedly “non-quantitative” areas. Usually, these students will start with Stat 1000 and 3010; they should consult a Statistics Department advisor to select additional courses.

Additional Choices: Courses in Statistical Methods and Theory.   Some majors require or recommend two or more quarters of calculus—either Math 1810/1820 (e.g., for some majors in the administrative and social sciences) Math 1304/1305 (e.g., for most majors in the mathematical and physical sciences). If you have this additional background, a somewhat wider range of statistics courses is available for your Minor in Statistics. Similar choices are available to students who demonstrate knowledge of the material presented in high school Advanced Placement Calculus courses. All minor programs that go beyond the basic pre-approved pattern shown above require advance approval by a Statistics Department advisor.

The Minor in Statistics: With Some Calculus-Based Courses
Typical Patterns of Courses (Advisor Approval Required) Notes

Both of the following courses:

3502.   Statistical Inference I+
3503.   Statistical Inference II+
Preferred sequence:
Students with calculus should take Stat 3502/3503 instead of Stat 1000/3010/4000.

Four of the following courses:

3401.   Introduction to Probability Theory I++
2088.   Games of Chance, Gambling and Probability
3415.   Introduction to Decision Theory
3510.   Sampling Procedures for Surveys
3900.   Statistical Packages for Data Analysis
3910.   Statistical Software Design
4401.   Introduction to Stochastic Processes++
4515.   Multivariate Analysis
4601.   Regression+
4610.   Nonparametric Statistical Methods in the Social Sciences
++ Indicates courses requiring Math 1305 as prerequisite.
+ Indicates courses for which Math 1820 is an acceptable alternate prerequisite.
The remaining courses use mathematics at the level of the ELM, but do not require calculus.
Courses marked + and ++, as well as Stat 3900 and 3910, are offered at least once a year.

Note: The choices you propose for approval will depend on your mathematics background and career interests. Many possible selections of courses are possible (including a few courses omitted from the list above). If you have some background in calculus, it is particularly important for you to discuss your choice of courses with a departmental advisor. Students who contemplate taking more statistics courses than the six required for the Minor in Statistics should consider declaring a second Major in Statistics.


Partial List of Appropriate Majors

The list of majors that go nicely with a Minor in Statistics is quite long. Here are a few of the many possible examples:

Biological Science
Business Administration
Criminal Justice
Educational Psychology
Environmental Science
Human Development
Mass Communication
Political science
Public Administration
Teacher Education

If you have questions about the suitability of a Minor in Statistics in conjunction with your major, please contact the Statistics Office. Majors listed in italic type require mathematics above the level of the ELM, thus making possible a broader choice of courses for the minor—as shown just above. (Some additional majors have options that require calculus or strongly recommend a calculus background for students contemplating graduate work.)


Advantages for Your Career

Whether you plan to enter the job market or a graduate program upon graduation from CSU Hayward, a minor in statistics can give you an important edge as you begin your career. A background in statistics will also give you valuable tools for keeping up to date throughout your career.

The Job Market.  If you plan to seek employment after you graduate from Cal State Hayward, you may be entering a keenly competitive job market. The analytical and computer skills that you gain by completing a Minor in Statistics are highly valued by employers and may give you a crucial advantage. (Other courses that lead to success in the job market and beyond are ones that involve library research, stress excellence in writing, build confidence in making oral presentations, provide practice in working cooperatively with others, convey insights into a variety of languages and cultures, etc. Statistics is very important stuff, but it isn't everything.)

Admission to Graduate Study.  In many fields, students going on for graduate work are involved in surveys, observational studies, and designed experiments. The proper planning, analysis, and reporting of such work usually involves statistical ideas and techniques. Among the criteria considered by many graduate school admissions committees is the preparation that candidates have in the area of statistics. A Minor in Statistics noted on your transcript indicates your special qualifications in this regard.

Lifelong Learning.  In today's fast-moving world, it is necessary to keep up to date with the latest developments. And it is not unusual to shift the direction of one's career later in life as new opportunities open up. Statistical reasoning is at the heart of many of the new developments you will be learning about throughout your career. Often the journal articles you will need to read or the continuing education courses you will want to take will require you to understand statistical ideas. Protect the continued currency of your undergraduate degree with a Minor in Statistics.

Please contact the Statistics Office if you have any questions about whether or how to start working towards a Minor in Statistics: (510) 885-3435, North Science 219, jnorton@csuhayward.edu.